Friday, 11 January 2019

Tips for speaking

Prepositions of place and movement


Prepositions of place

above sobre, encima de [sin tocar]
below debajo de [sin tocar]
on sobre, encima de [tocando una superficie]
on top of sobre, encima de, en lo alto de
under debajo de [algo está cubriendo]
in front of delante de
behind detrás de
next to al lado de, junto a
in en [dentro de algo]
between entre [dos cosas]
among entre [más de dos cosas]
near cerca de
far from lejos de, a una distancia de

Prepositions of movement

onto a, sobre [una superficie]
off de [una superficie]
under por debajo de
over sobre, por encima de [sin tocar]
away from lejos de, a una distancia de
toward (especially American English) / towards (especially British English) hacia
past pasando, por delante de
through por [cruzando algo]
up por [subiendo algo]
down por [bajando algo]
out of de, fuera de
into a, hacia, dentro de, en
around alrededor de, rodeando
along por [a lo largo de algo]
across cruzando, de un lado a otro

Tuesday, 8 January 2019

Vowel 12: /ə/


Comparison with Spanish

This vowel is different to any other in Spanish. It is articulated in the centre of the mouth. The lips are neutral. It is short and unstressed. When it appears in final position this vowel sounds more like Spanish /a/. It is called “schwa” in English and it has multiple spellings and may appear in any position:

Initial: about, afraid, majestic
Middle: sisterhood, excellent, problematic
Final: letter, famous, enjoyment